Category: Semantics

Download E-books The Semantic Tradition from Kant to Carnap: To the Vienna Station PDF

By J. Alberto Coffa

This significant book is a background of the semantic culture in philosophy from the early 19th century via its incarnation within the paintings of the Vienna Circle, the gang of logical positivists that emerged within the years 1925-1935 in Vienna who have been characterized via a robust dedication to empiricism, a excessive regard for technological know-how, and a conviction that glossy common sense is the first software of analytic philosophy. within the first a part of the booklet, Alberto Coffa lines the roots of logical positivism in a semantic culture that arose against Kant's concept priori wisdom relies on natural instinct and the constitutive powers of the brain. partly II, Coffa chronicles the improvement of this practice through participants and colleagues of the Vienna Circle. a lot of Coffa's research attracts at the unpublished notes and correspondence of many philosophers. The ebook, in spite of the fact that, isn't in basic terms a historical past of the semantic culture from Kant 'to the Vienna Station'. Coffa additionally severely reassesses the position of semantic notions in realizing the floor of a priori wisdom and its relation to empirical wisdom and questions the flip the culture has taken on account that Vienna.

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Download E-books The Semantics-Pragmatics Controversy (Language, Context and Cognition) PDF

Currently, there's a nice variety of methods to the semantics-pragmatics contrast out there. This e-book is exclusive in that it deals a finished evaluation, comparability and demanding review of those methods. even as, it covers a variety of the most important present subject matters in semantics and pragmatics (e.g., the saying/meaning contrast, minimalism vs. contextualism, (generalised) conversational implicatures).

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Download E-books A Theory of Aspectuality: The Interaction between Temporal and Atemporal Structure (Cambridge Studies in Linguistics) PDF

Sentences may well pertain to states or strategies or occasions. they might exhibit boundedness, length, repetition, frequency, and lots of other kinds of temporality. How do they do that? Henk Verkuyl offers right here a concept approximately aspectual homes of sentences in normal languages. A idea of Aspectuality brings jointly the fruit of his pondering at the topic over the last twenty years, and may curiosity all these engaged on point and the semantics of noun words. It offers to be a huge contribution to our figuring out of the topic.

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Download E-books The Construction of Professional Discourse (Language in Social Life Series) PDF

This is often an amalgam of study from sociolinguistics, ethnography, anthropology and sociology, giving a cohesive research discourse. Drawing upon real-life examples, the textual content covers problems with the development of language and written and spoken discourse, and gives old, social and linguistic views. themes contain: the ethical development of discourse in social care professions; the discourse of dispute negotiation; narrative debts in scientific learn; doctor/patient interplay; felony discourse; and institutional discourse.

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Download E-books Formal Approaches to Semantics and Pragmatics: Japanese and Beyond (Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy) PDF

This quantity provides an exploration of a large choice of latest formal tools from desktop technological know-how, biology and economics which have been utilized to difficulties in semantics and pragmatics lately. a number of the contributions incorporated specialize in facts from East Asian languages, fairly jap and Korean. the gathering displays on quite a number new empirical matters that experience arisen, together with concerns relating to choice, evidentiality and a focus. Separated into numerous sections, the e-book offers discussions on: info constitution, speech acts and judgements, philosophical issues in semantics and new formal ways to semantic and pragmatic idea. Its overarching topic is the relation among other forms of content material, from quite a few views. The discussions offered are either theoretically cutting edge and empirically encouraged.

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Download E-books The Greek Imperative Mood in the New Testament: A Cognitive and Communicative Approach (Studies in Biblical Greek) PDF

By Joseph D. Fantin

The principal temper as an entire has quite often been ignored via Greek grammarians. The Greek critical temper within the New testomony: A Cognitive and Communicative Approach makes use of insights from glossy linguistics and communique thought for you to suggest an inherent (semantic) that means for the temper and describe the way it really is utilized in the recent testomony (pragmatics). A linguistic thought known as neuro-cognitive stratificational linguistics is used to aid isolate the morphological critical temper and concentrate on addressing matters at once on the topic of this quarter, whereas ideas from a communique conception referred to as relevance idea supply a theoretical foundation for describing the usages of the temper. This publication additionally incorporates a survey of recent testomony and choose linguistic methods to the valuable temper and proposes that the significant temper is volitional-directive and may be labeled in a multidimensional demeanour. every one principal could be categorized in line with strength, which player (speaker or hearer) advantages from the achievement of the critical, and the place the principal falls in the occasion series of the motion defined within the utterance. during this context, sociological components akin to the rank of contributors and point of politeness are mentioned including different pragmatic-related details. The Greek valuable temper within the New Testament is a important instructing instrument for intermediate and complex Greek sessions.

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Download E-books Opposition In Discourse: The Construction of Oppositional Meaning (Advances in Stylistics: Research) PDF

By Lesley Jeffries

Lesley Jeffries introduces a phenomenon which has no longer been given the eye it merits - the contextual building of oppositional meaning.  those are opposites no longer recognisable as such out of context yet which are in actual fact manage this fashion within the textual content concerned.
 
The importance of oppositional which means is recognized, and has been mentioned through students for millennia, from Philosophy to Politics.  however the major emphasis has constantly been at the traditional contrary: the other recognized through lexical semantics.
 
Starting from socio-cultural viewpoints, relocating to unique study after which concluding with a brand new theoretical formula, this publication introduces and consolidates an important new method of the research of oppositional meaning.  It closes with a dialogue of the significance of built competition in hegemonic perform and makes a case for the inclusion of competition as a significant instrument of serious discourse analysis.  it will likely be crucial interpreting for researchers and graduates in stylistics, linguistics and language studies.

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Download E-books By Word of Mouth: Metaphor, metonymy and linguistic action in a cognitive perspective (Pragmatics & Beyond New Series) PDF

This quantity includes seven synchronic and diachronic empirical investigations into the expression and conceptualization of linguistic motion in English, targeting figurative extensions. the subsequent matters are explored:
• resource domain names, and their relation to the complexities of linguistic motion as a goal area.
• The position of axiological parameter, the experiential grounding of metaphors expressing price decisions and the half performed by way of image-schemata, how worth decisions take place and their socio-cultural embedding.
• The graded personality of metaphoricity and its correlation with levels of recoverability/salience.
• The interplay of metonymy and metaphor, e.g. the query what components encourage the conventionalization of metonymies, which include the point of view that conventionalized metaphors often have a metonymic origin.
• The function of image-schemata within the association and improvement of a lexical subfield, which increases new questions about the character of metaphor, the id of resource and aim domain names and the Invariance Hypothesis.

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Download E-books Tense-Aspect: Between semantics & pragmatics (Typological Studies in Language) PDF

The verbal different types of demanding and point were studied ordinarily from the perspective in their connection with the timing and time-perspective of the speaker’s stated event. they're common different types either when it comes to the semantic-functional area they disguise in addition to by way of their syntactic and morphological consciousness. however, their remedy in modern linguistics is usually limited and slim dependent, frequently related to mere recapitulatoin of conventional semantic and morphotactic studies.
The current quantity arises out of a symposium held at UCLA in may possibly 1979, within which a bunch of linguists accrued to re-open the topic of tense-and-aspect from a number of views, together with ― as well as the conventional semantics ― additionally discourse-pragmatics, psycholinguistics, baby language, Creolization and diachronic switch. The languages mentioned during this quantity contain Russian, Turkish, English, Indonesian, Ameslan, Eskimo, numerous Creoles, Mandari, Hebrew, Bantu and others. The emphasis all through isn't just at the description of language-specific tense-aspect phenomenon, yet extra searching for common different types and rules which underlie the cross-language number of stressful and element. specifically, a number of the individuals tackle themselves to the connection among propositional-semantics and discourse-pragmatics, in as far as those practical domain names engage inside of tense-aspect structures.

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